Rheostat, a device used to regulate an electric current by increasing or decreasing the resistance of the circuit. Some common uses of the rheostat are to dim lights, to control the speed of an electric motor, and to control the volume of a radio. The accompanying diagram shows a simple rheostat. Current flows into the resistance coil and from the resistance coil through the slider. When the control knob is turned, the slider moves along the coil; the amount of resistance is thus changed by varying the length of the current's path through the resistance coil.
Mass spectrometry enables the major league to sniff out athletes guilty of doping. It can also help us locate oil or design a killer perfume. Who says chemistry isn't cool?
That's one seriously big number, and technically Amedeo Avogadro didn't even come up with it. So how did the Italian chemist make such an indelible (numerical) mark on the wonderful world of chemistry?