Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich (1894-1984), a Russian physicist. He shared the 1978 Nobel Prize in physics for his work on intense magnetic fields and the generation of low temperatures. He developed methods for liquefying large quantities of helium and oxygen. Kapitsa studied in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) and at Cambridge University, whose faculty he joined. In 1934 he visited Russia and was forced to stay. He became director of the Institute for Physical Problems and aided in the development of Sputnik I.
The man who had some theories about relativity was also an eccentric who gleefully eschewed socks, dodged German military service and spurned social conventions.
He's ventured to the abyss of black holes, wagered on the information paradox and floated around in zero gravity. Meet the man, the legend, the super scientist: Stephen Hawking.