Betelgeuse, a bright reddish star in the constellation Orion. It is about 495 light-years from the earth, though some measurements put it at about 640 light-years away. Its color indicates a relatively low surface temperature of about 5,000° F. (2,800° C.), about half that of the sun. Betelgeuse is a variable star that fluctuates irregularly in size and brightness. At its smallest, Betelgeuse has a diameter some 300 times that of the sun; its greatest diameter is about one-third larger than this. Betelgeuse is classified in the group of largest known stars, the supergiants.
Leash your cheetah, buckle your seatbelt and tell Usain Bolt to take a knee. We're about to power through some of the speediest stuff this universe – both in the real world and in fiction – has to offer.
Mars, which is the fourth planet from the sun and the third smallest in size, got its name because of its rusty red color. People associated the planet's blood-red color with war, so they named it Mars, after the Roman god of war.