Betelgeuse, a bright reddish star in the constellation Orion. It is about 495 light-years from the earth, though some measurements put it at about 640 light-years away. Its color indicates a relatively low surface temperature of about 5,000° F. (2,800° C.), about half that of the sun. Betelgeuse is a variable star that fluctuates irregularly in size and brightness. At its smallest, Betelgeuse has a diameter some 300 times that of the sun; its greatest diameter is about one-third larger than this. Betelgeuse is classified in the group of largest known stars, the supergiants.
Until recently, most people assumed that if Mars had liquid water, it no longer did and hadn't for quite some time. But scientists have recently noticed some anomalies in photos of Mars that may suggest there is water. Could there be life, too?
It's tough to wrap your mind around a time when the Earth wasn't here. So how do Earth and the rest of the planets out there get their start in the universe?